Psycho 01 | Psychology homework help

Evolutionary psychology and behavior genetics: Watson.

A. have little in common.

B. acknowledge the interaction of heredity and environment.

C. focus on learning and experience.

D. are two schools of thought first introduced by John B.


Which one of the following statements describes the relationship between genes, chromosomes, and DNA? chromosomes, which consist of strands of DNA. and the DNA. structures.

A. Genes, the basic unit of heredity, are located on

B. Genes are composed of chromosomes and DNA.

C. Chromosomes, the basic unit if heredity, direct the genes

D. DNA houses both genes and chromosomes in its rod-shaped

 

Within each gene, elements of DNA are arranged in a particular order, forming a code that influences the synthesis of particular proteins. This code affects every aspect of the body, from its structure to the chemicals that keep it running. The above process describes:

A. linkage studies.

B. how genes mutate.

C. how natural selection occurs.

D. how genes affect characteristics of the organism.

 

Brad wonders if he will have a problem later in life with alcoholism. His father is an alcoholic and his great-grandfather had problems holding a job due to his drinking habits. After reading this lesson, Brad believes that a/an __________ study would give him the best information.

A. experimental

B. psychometric

C. linkage

D. sociobiological

 

One reason that new traits keep arising is because of genes’ ability to spontaneously __________.

A. divide

B. split

C. multiply

D. mutate

 

One way to explain why gene frequencies change is that individuals with traits that are adaptive in an environment will stay alive to reproduce. Over generations their genes will become more common. This process describes:

A. evolution.

B. natural selection.

C. sociobiology.

D. heritability.

 

Basic arithmetic is not an easy task for Jeanne. In fact, she has to work hard at understanding mathematical concepts. She finds it hard to believe that basic math skills are: development.

A. present in all species.

B. a natural inclination, because they relate to language.

C. present in all humans within the first days of life.

D. learned from our environment in the early stages of

 

The sentences, “Lee gave the ball to Lynne” and “Lynne received the ball from Lee,” have the same:

A. surface structure.

B. syntax.

C. surface and deep structures.

D. deep structure.

 

According to Noam Chomsky, language is primarily acquired through:

A. an innate mental module.

B. our parents correcting us.

C. imitating our parents.

D. trial and error.

 

Parents can help their children acquire language by:

A. reading and talking with them.

B. correcting every grammatical mistake.

C. placing them in front of a computer.

D. eating foods rich in vitamin A.

 

A wealthy, married man in China is having an affair with a beautiful young woman who seems primarily attracted to his financial status. At the same time, similar situations are occurring across other races and nations. Sociobiologists would say that: the animal kingdom. each of us.

A. these behaviors are found in the human species but not in

B. this is an adaptive function of what evolution has bred into

C. this is an adaptive behavior for the married men.

D. this is a much too simplistic stereotype of sexual behavior.

 

Sara overhears her 21-year-old son, Joe, telling his friends on the phone that he wants to have sex with two girls he just met at the mall. Joe’s desire:

A. expresses the male tendency to commit to a relationship.

B. is an example of male nurturance.

C. expresses the male tendency to more willingly have sex with relatively unknown partners.

D. is learned from watching the behavior of his friends.

 

Evolution has installed tendencies in our selection of a mate. Two of the strongest predictors in human mate selection today are:

A. wealth and attractiveness.

B. attractiveness and youth.

C. similarity and proximity.

D. the best genetics and submission.

 

One of the best ways to compute heritability is to compare:

A. adopted children compared to adopted siblings.

B. blood relatives who live in the same area.

C. fraternal twins reared in different environments.

D. identical twins reared in different environments.

 

Peter and Maria are adopting a child whose biological parents have low IQs. They want to know if this child, too, is likely to have a low IQ? Which one of the following is the best response to their question?

A. While IQ is heritable at least in part, environmental influences can have a great impact. Even so, it isn’t possible to make predictions about any given individual.

B. Nothing is known about the heritability of IQ.

C. The IQs of the child’s biological parents is irrelevant, since environmental influence will far outweigh heritability.

D. Yes, since heritability is a major factor in determining IQ, the child is likely to have a low score.

 

Genetics and what we inherit from our biological parents play a significant role in our intelligence level. In fact, researchers have found that: parents than to their birth parents. scores than fraternal twins raised together. scores than identical twins raised together. biological siblings raised together.

A. adopted children are more similar in IQ to their adoptive

B. identical twins raised apart are more similar in their IQ

C. fraternal twins raised together are more similar in their IQ

D. biological siblings raised apart are as similar in IQ as

 

Within groups, differences in intelligence are highly correlated with __________. Between groups, differences are highly correlated with __________.

A. heritability; environment

B. environment; genes

C. heritability; random error in measurement

D. genes; the heritability estimate

 

Janice smokes while she is pregnant with her son. He is more likely to have:

A. a normal IQ.

B. a lower IQ.

C. a higher IQ.

D. an IQ below 90.

 

Studies that have overcome methodological problems in examining intelligence scores for African-Americans as compared to people of Anglo- Saxon descent revealed: invalidated them.

A. that the test results were useless because racial prejudice

B. that African-Americans scored higher in certain areas.

C. a slight difference between these two groups.

D. no genetic differences between the two groups.

 

Which one of the following statements about intelligence is the most accurate? change mental ability. between groups, and is reliable regardless of the environment. environmental factors, and has the most variability within groups.

A. IQ is a valid measurement, and environmental factors do not

B. Intelligence is mostly genetic, has the most variability

C. Intelligence is partially genetic, can be influenced by

D. Intelligence is different between groups because of genetics.

 

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