In 2008, Dub Tarun founded a firm using $200,000 of his own money, $200,000 I senior (bank) debt, and an additional $100,000 in subordinated debt borrowed from a family friend. The senior debt pays 10% interest, while the sub debt pays 12% interest and is convertible into 10% of the firm’s equity ownership at the option of the investor, J Martin Capital. Both debt issues have 10-year maturities. In March 2009, the firm’s financial structure appeared as follows:
DUB TARUN INC., MARCH 2009
ACCOUNTS PAYABLE $100,000
SHORT-TERM NOTES 150,000
TOTAL SHORT-TERM DEBT 250,000
SENIOR DEBT (10% INTEREST RATE) 200,000
SUB DEBT (12% INTEREST RATE, CONVERTIBLE
INTO 10% STOCK) 100,000
EQUITY (DUB TARUN) 200,000
TOTAL DEBT AND EQUITY 750,000
Dub has determined that he needs an additional $250,000 if he is going to continue to grow his business. To raise the necessary funds, he intends to use an 8% convertible preferred stock issue.
Dub projects that the firm’s EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) in five years will be 650,000. Although Dub isn’t interested in selling his firm, his banker recently told him that businesses like his typically sell for five to seven times their EBITDA. Moreover, by March 2014, Dub expects that the firm will have 300,000 in cash and that the firm’s pro forma debt and equity will be as follows:
DUB TARUN INC. PRO FORMA FINANCIAL STRUCTURE, MARCH 2014
ACCOUNTS PAYABLE 200,000
SHORT-TERM NOTES 250,000
TOTAL SHORT-TERM DEBT 450,000
SENIOR DEBT (10%) 400,000
SEB DEBT (12%, CONVERTIBLE INTO 10% OF THE FIRM’S
EQUITY (DUB TARUN) 800,000
ADDITIONAL FINANCING NEEDED 250,000
TOTAL DEBT AND EQUITY 2,000,000
A. What would you estimate the enterprise value of Dub Tarun Inc. to be on March 2014? (HINT: ENTERPRISE VALUE IS TYPICALLY ESTIMATED FOR PRIVATE COMPANIES USING A MULTIPLE OF EBITDA PLUS THE FIRMS CASH BALANCE.) IF THE SUB DEBT CONVERTS TO COMMON IN 2014, WHAT IS YOUR ESTMATE OF THE VALUE OF THE EQUITY OF DUB TARUN IN 2014?
B. IF THE ESTIMATED ENTERPRISE VALUE OF THE FIRM EQUALS YOUR ESTIMATE IN QUESTIONS A, WHAT RATE OF RETURN DOES THE SUB DEBT HOLDER REALIZE IF HE CONVERTS IN 2014? WOULD YOU EXPECT THE SUB DEBT HOLDER TO CONVERT TO COMMON STOCK?
C. IF THE NEW INVESTOR WERE TO REQUIRE A 45% RATE OF RETURN ON HIS 250,000 PURCHASE OF CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK, WHAT SHARE OF THE COMPANY WOULD HE NNED, BASED ON YOUR ESTIMATE OF THE VALUE OF THE FIRM’S EQUITY IN 2014, WHAT IS YOUR ESTIMATE OF THE OWNERSHIP DISTRIBUTION OF DUB TARUN’S EQUITY IN 2014, ASSUMING THAT THE NEW INVESTOR GETS WHAT HE REQUIRES (TO EARN HIS 45% REQUIRED RATE OF RETURN) AND THE SUB DEBT HOLDER CONVERTS TO CMMON? WHAT RATES OF RETURN DO EACH OF THE EQUITY HOLDERS IN THE FIRM EXPECT TO REALIZE BY 2014, BASED ON YOUR ESTIMATE OF EQUITY VALUE? DOES THE PLAN SEEM REASONABLE FORM THE PRESPECTIVE OF EAH OF THE INVESTORS?
D. WHAT WOULD BE DUB TARUN’S EXPECTD RATE OF RETURN IF THE EBITDA MULTIPLE WERE FIVE OR SEVEN?
E. WHAT WAS THE POST-INVESTMENT AND PRE-INVESTMENT VALUE OF DUB TARUN’S EQUITY IN 2009, BASED ON THE INVESTMENT OF THE NEW INVESTOR?
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